A Pathway to Improving the Functional Outcomes of Knee Implants
This workshop will aim at providing attendees the core concepts in evaluating and improving the biomechanical outcomes of total or partial knee replacements. Current state-of-the-art methodologies involving custom knee testing rigs and dynamical numerical analysis will be presented that focus on achieving adequate kinematics and loads, followed by methods to quantify and optimize the tribological features and wear resistance. A final lecture will aim at providing current state-of the-art tools and approaches to improve and evaluate osteointegration and stability of prosthetic components. The workshop will be presented by experts from our group (LMU Orthopaedics) as well as external guests.
This workshop is composed of four presentations each focusing on different aspects of knee replacements:
The first presentation will be about recent research on knee kinematics, offering a better understanding on how the healthy knee joint behaves.
The second presentation will focus on in vitro and in silico tools used in research and development to evaluate and improve the design of current knee replacement systems, in terms of their functional biomechanical outcomes.
In the third presentation, we will show how the typical bearing materials used in TKA can be optimized under highly demanding patient activities using wear simulations.
The final and fourth presentation will then present methodologies that can be used to evaluate and improve the fixation stability and osteointegration of prosthetic devices, in order to prevent loosening of components.
It is expected that with these presentations, the attendees will be able to better acknowledge the essential aspects of knee biomechanics and understand how state-of-the-art research can help in improving knee replacement systems.